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- Zaroorat ki khabar
- World Alzheimer's Day: Symptoms Start Appearing After The Age Of 60, Scientists Have Not Yet Found A Cure; Over 4 Million Dementia Patients In India
- The greatest risk in case of Alzheimer's disease is increasing age, if there are patients in the family, then others may also be at increased risk.
- According to the Alzheimer's Association, people struggling with the disease live on average 8 years after symptoms begin.
Dementia is a type of syndrome that reduces the thinking, understanding power of a struggling person. There are many types of dementia, but its most common type is Alzheimer's disease. According to the Alzheimer's Association website, more than 4 million people in India have some form of dementia. This figure is around 5 crore in the world. Today is World Alzheimer's Day i.e. the day of awareness about this disease. Let's know about this disease.
What is Alzheimer's disease
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Alzheimer's disease is a form of dementia that can kill a person after the age of 60. The greatest risk of Alzheimer's disease is growing age, the risk of this disease increases with age. It is not that the young do not succumb to Alzheimer's, but it is usually rare.
Alzheimer's is a disease in which the memory, thinking and understanding power of a person gradually starts to decrease. According to the Alzheimer's Association, the level of progression of the disease varies from patient to patient, but on average patients remain alive for 8 years after symptoms begin.
What can be the early symptoms of Alzheimer's disease?
Due to Alzheimer's disease, we are not able to do our daily work properly. Patients struggling with this disease find it difficult to remember things, calculate, maintain contact with others. These may be the initial 10 symptoms or signs of the disease.
- Memory Loss: The most common symptom of Alzheimer's disease is loss of memory. Especially in the early stage. If the person forgets the recently known things, then these initial symptoms can occur.
- Difficult to solve planning and problem: People struggling with dementia may find it difficult to make or follow a plan. Apart from this, they also have difficulty in working with numbers. People may find it difficult to remember a recipe or monthly bill. Apart from this, it takes a lot of time for them to do such things, which they could easily do.
- Easy things to forget: A person suffering from Alzheimer's also faces difficulty in completing easy things involved in daily work. As such, they do not remember the rules of their favorite sports or are unable to make a grocery list.
- Confusion over time or space: People do not care about time and place. They take time to understand something that has happened recently. Apart from this, many times they do not even know where they are and how to reach there.
- Problems with pictures, colors and balance: The patient may also have eye problems. They may find it difficult to balance and read something. Also, they may not be able to detect distance and color.
- Trouble speaking and writing: Trouble in conversation is also considered a major symptom. People struggling with Alzheimer's face difficulties in engaging in any conversation. It may be that they leave the conversation in between or they may not know what to say next and keep repeating their own words. They may also have problems with words or it may be that they call a known thing by a wrong name.
- Putting things and forgetting: Patients keep their things in a strange place or they can be forgotten. They may not have been able to locate the path where they placed things. Apart from this, it is also possible to accuse others of stealing things. It is a sign of the progression of the disease.
- Difficult to understand things: In this disease, patients may have difficulty in making decisions. For example, paying someone or reducing habits to keep oneself clean.
- Discarding old habits: A person living with Alzheimer's disease has trouble communicating with people. In such a situation, he distances himself from his hobbies, social activities and other things. Apart from this, patients are unable to continue with their favorite things.
- Changing mood and personality: Many changes can also occur in the personality of the patient. They may start feeling confused, depressed, afraid or nervous. It is also possible for them to be sad at home, with friends.
Let's know about the risk of Alzheimer's disease
According to the CDC, scientists have not yet been able to pinpoint the cause of Alzheimer's disease. However, age is considered the greatest risk in this disease. Researchers are exploring whether studies, food and environment also have an effect on the progression of Alzheimer's disease. According to the Alzheimer's Association, some of these factors may increase the risk of the disease.
- Alzheimer's to anyone in the family: If the parents or siblings in the family have Alzheimer's, then it increases the chances of developing the disease in other members as well. Scientists are not fully aware of what causes Alzheimer's outbreaks in the family, but genetics and the environment may be the cause.
- Genetics: Researchers have discovered several gene variants that increase the likelihood of Alzheimer's disease. The APOE-e4 gene is considered the most common risk gene. It is estimated that this gene plays a major role in a quarter of Alzheimer's disease.
- Cardio-vascular disease: Research suggests that the strings of mental health are connected to the heart and blood vessels. The brain gets oxygen and nutrients from the blood to work and the heart plays the responsibility of transporting the blood to the brain. Because of this, the factors that cause cardio-vascular (heart) disease may play a large role in exacerbating Alzheimer's and other dementias.
- Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI): Symptoms of MCI include changes in thinking ability, but these symptoms do not affect everyday life. In addition, MCI symptoms are not as severe as Alzheimer's. Having a memory-associated MCI may increase the risk of Alzheimer's and other dementias. However, MCI does not increase in many cases.
Three stages of Alzheimer's disease
Starting Stage (Light): In the early stage of Alzheimer's, the person does all the work. Such as driving, working and engaging in social activities. Despite this, a person may feel that he is forgetting something. Like- word, place. The symptoms are not quite visible at this stage, but family and friends may notice the change. Apart from this, doctors can also detect symptoms with certain diagnostic tools.
Common troubles encountered in this stage ….
- Saying the wrong word or name.
- Forgetting anything you have read recently.
- Losing precious things or putting them in the wrong place.
- Trouble planning and organizing.
Middle Stage (General)
This stage of Alzheimer's disease is the longest and lasts for years. As the disease progresses, the patient needs more care. Signs of dementia are evident in the middle stage of Alzheimer's. The person is confused, annoyed or irritated with the name. In addition, the patient behaves differently, such as refusing to take a bath. Nervous cell damage in the brain can make a person more difficult in his thoughts and day to day work.
Symptoms may vary among people. This stage may include these symptoms …
- Forgetting about yourself or an event.
- Moody or feeling isolated in a challenging environment.
- Forgetting your own address, phone number or old school.
- Feeling confused about where you are and what the day is today.
- Difficult to control feces and urine.
- Changes in sleeping patterns. Like- sleeping throughout the day and remaining restless at night.
Late stage (serious)
The symptoms of dementia become very severe in the late stage of the disease. Patients lose the ability to interact and control their surroundings. In this stage, a person can say a word or sentence, but it becomes difficult for him to tell his pain. The patient needs care due to frequent memory loss and personality changes.
In this stage, patients can feel like this….
- Daily care is required.
- Do not be cautious about anything that has happened recently.
- Changes in the ability to walk, sit and sometimes swallow.
- Having trouble talking.
- Increased risk of infection. Especially of pneumonia.
What is the treatment of Alzheimer's disease?
According to the CDC, there is currently no cure for Alzheimer's disease. According to the Alzheimer's Association, medicines can temporarily cure symptoms of dementia for some people. These drugs increase neuro-transmitters in the brain. Researchers are exploring ways to better treat Alzheimer's and other dementias.
A study published in the journal Current Biology suggests that deeper and more sleep can be a good way to avoid this dangerous type of dementia. The study was led by neuro scientist Matthew Walker and Joseph Weiner of UC Barclay.