Unemployment rate in 11 states is 3 times the national rate, unemployment rate is higher in states like Haryana, Rajasthan and Bengal | The impact of declining demand on employment, unemployment rate in 11 states including Haryana, Rajasthan and Bengal is up to 3 times higher than the national rate.

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  • Unemployment Rate In 11 States Is 3 Times The National Rate, Unemployment Rate Is Higher In States Like Haryana, Rajasthan And Bengal

5 hours agoAuthor: Skanda Vivek Dhar

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Revealed in the report of CMIE, the effect of decrease in demand on employment.

The second wave of Corona may not have imposed a national lockdown, but employment was badly affected. The unemployment rate in the country stood at 9.17% in June. Although Haryana, Rajasthan, P. In 11 states like Bengal and Bihar, this rate is up to three times the national average. In states where unemployment rate is low, the major reason is more work distributed under MGNREGA.

Haryana has the highest unemployment rate at 27.9%, according to the Center for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE). The rate is 26.2% in Rajasthan, 22.1% in Bengal, 10.5% in Bihar and 12.8% in Jharkhand. Unemployment rate refers to how many people want work and how many of them do not get work. This rate is lower than the national average in Gujarat (1.8%), MP (2.3%), Chhattisgarh (2.6%), Maharashtra (4.4%) and UP (4.3%). CMIE surveys 44,600 households in the country and gives unemployment rate data every month.

Explaining the reason for the 15-fold difference in the unemployment rate of Gujarat and Haryana, almost equal in industrialization, Mahesh Vyas, CEO, CMIE says, Gujarat has a large number of MSMEs, which are less in Haryana. Employment in Haryana decreases due to a large unit being closed or working at low capacity. Apart from this, MGNREGA can also play a role in reducing the unemployment rate.

Continuous decrease in salary jobs
According to the recently released data by the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation, there was a decline in organized employment in May. The CEO of CMIE says, since March 2020, there is a continuous decrease in the salary jobs in the country. It improved slightly in June, but the situation is critical. Last year saw a “V” shape recovery in some sectors, but not in organized employment.

workers decreased in 15 states

38.32 crore people had employment in this June. This is 1.70 crore less than June 2019. The number of people employed in 15 of the 27 major states has decreased as compared to June 2019. The maximum decrease was in Puducherry (-54.41), Tamil Nadu (-30.73) and Kerala (-24.62).

Hence unemployment: industries open, demand is negligible

  • About 17 lakh jobs are in small industries in Rajasthan. In the second wave, when the demand decreased due to the closure of the market, the industries were closed. Jobs also gone.
  • There are 8 lakh people in the automobile sector in Haryana. Industries are not running at full speed due to low demand. As a result, the unemployment rate has increased.
  • The rate in UP is 34.70%, which is lower than the national average of 39.57%. This is because the number of people willing to work is less.
  • Gujarat distributed 87% of the work distributed in MNREGA in 2019-20 in these three and a half months.

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