By Ankit Sharma - September 19, 2022
MelbourneOne hour ago
From the Amazon rainforest to the boreal forest, we all know the names of the largest forests in the world. But, have you heard of any forest present inside the sea? In fact, scientists from the University of Western Australia have found ocean forests in many places in the world and prepared a map of them. If the size of all these forests is seen, then it is twice the area of India.
What is Ocean Forest?
Ocean forest is called marine forest. These are usually made of seaweed. This is a type of moss. Like other plants, they also survive by completing the process of photosynthesis (photosynthesis) with the help of the sun’s energy and carbon dioxide.
The largest species of seaweed can grow up to 10 meters or 32 feet high. These plants, spread over a large area, keep moving due to the flow of water. Just as land plants provide food and a place to live for the creatures of the earth, in the same way seaweed also gives shelter to the sea creatures.
Tall species of sea moss, such as sea bamboo and grasses, have a variety of gas-filled structures that balance oxygen and carbon dioxide in the water. Strong bamboo stems are used in the photosynthesis process.
These plants, spread over a large area, keep moving due to the flow of water.
The area of marine forests is 60-72 lakh sq.km.
Seaweed is considered the fastest growing plant on earth. However, it is still very difficult for scientists to estimate how much area of forest it covers. The reason for this is that the area of the forest is measured through satellite on land, but this technique does not work under the sea.
To complete this research, researchers analyzed the data of marine forests, sea moss, etc. Examined local data from several countries. This showed that the Ocean Forests cover an area of 60 to 7.2 million square kilometers, which is more than the Amazon forests. Research also found that these forests are quite fertile. They are more fruitful than rice, wheat and maize crops.
Only a few of the world’s most productive marine forests, such as the Great African Seaforest (GASF) and the Great Southern Reef (GSR), are recognized and named.
Ocean forests absorb the heat of the earth
So far, 2,400 gigatons of greenhouse gas produced on Earth goes into our oceans. This means marine forests are in great difficulty. Many ocean forests from Western Australia, eastern Canada and California have become extinct. Due to this, the habitat of marine organisms has been taken away and the risk of increasing the amount of carbon has also increased.
Conversely, as the sea ice is melting and the water temperature is rising, there is a fear of increasing forest in the region of the Arctic Ocean.