India said on Thursday that it has given top priority to permanent membership in the expanded United Nations Security Council (UNSC) reflecting contemporary global realities. Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs V Muralitharan said that India is actively involved in the ongoing intergovernmental discussion on UN Security Council reforms in the United Nations and is working in this regard with like-minded countries.
Muralitharan was replying in the Rajya Sabha. He was asked whether the government had made serious efforts to earn a permanent seat in the UN Security Council. In response, the Union Minister said, "The government has given top priority for India to get permanent membership in the expanded UN Security Council, reflecting contemporary global realities."
He said, "India has been making continuous efforts to establish cooperation among member countries of the United Nations with the aim of expanding the Security Council into both permanent and temporary categories with the cooperation of reform oriented countries."
At present there are five permanent and 10 temporary member countries in the United Nations Security Council, which is elected by the General Assembly of the United Nations for a term of two years. Russia, Britain, China, France, and the United States are currently permanent members of the United Nations Security Council and can impede the passage of any resolution. There has been a long-standing demand to increase the number of permanent members. India, Brazil, South Africa, Germany and Japan are among the main contenders for permanent members in the UN Security Council.
Muralitharan said that there is also a section of the UN member states that supports the expansion of the temporary category itself and is against the expansion of permanent membership. He said, "The matter of permanent membership of India in the Security Council shall be considered only after the extent and extent of the Council has been agreed as per the provisions of the United Nations Charter for which the approval of two-third member countries of the United Nations Will be required.
Intergovernmental Dialogue (IGN) process in the United Nations General Assembly is discussing various aspects of Security Council reform including categories of membership of this council, issue of veto, representation of different geographical areas, size of expanded council etc.
Muralitharan said that India is actively involved in the ongoing intergovernmental discussion on UN Security Council reforms at the United Nations and is working in this regard along with the G4 group and other reform-oriented countries. G4 group countries include India, Japan, Brazil and Germany. The Union Minister said, "The matter of reform of the UN Security Council is discussed in all relevant bilateral and multilateral meetings, including the highest levels."
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