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The sport of Judo was first included in the 1964 Tokyo Olympics. After 57 years, once again this game has reached its origin. The sport was dropped from the Olympics in 1968. But it came back in 1972. Since then it has been a part of every Olympics.
Until the 1988 Olympics, only male players competed in judo. Women players got a chance to participate in the 1992 Olympics for the first time. This year only Indian player Sushila Devi has secured a quota in Judo. Judo players are called judokas.
Judo started with ‘Jujitsu’
Judo comes from the Japanese word “jujitsu”. Jujitsu is a one-handed fighting technique. It was used by the old Samurai Warriors. In this, the player in front has to be forced to make a submission by dropping him to the ground.
The game was started in 1880. Doctor Jigoro Kano started it in the school in 1882 and made many rules about it. This sport is as difficult as boxing and wrestling. It requires physical strength.
Judo consists of 15 events, including men’s, women’s and mixed events. This time players have qualified for 325 places. Among men, for the 7 weight categories, the 18 highest ranked athletes got direct qualification.
Women’s qualification also remained the same rule. Apart from this, 100 athletes got direct entry as continental representation according to the IJF World Ranking List. The host country i.e. Japan was given 14 quotas. This includes 1-1 quota for men’s and women’s.
The ring of judo is called siayo. It is a square shaped platform which is slightly above the ground. Its width is 8 meters and length is 10 meters. Along with this, there is also a circle of danger of 7 cm outside the ring. It is shown in red colour.
The name of the uniform of Judo is Judogi. Judogi is a kurta-like dress. Along with this, there are pajamas in it. A belt is put over the uniform. The belt indicates the training level of the athlete.
game belt in judo
In judo sport, the grade of the player is determined by the belt. What level and how master he is, it is revealed by the color of his belt. Initially everyone is given a white belt. After this, Blue Belt, Yellow Belt, Green Belt, Brown Belt and Black Belt are given with each exam. These are all Q grade belts.
How is Judo played?
Both players come to the ring to play Judo. They bow down near the line made inside the ring and greet each other. After this, they also give respect to the judge and referee. The game begins when the referee calls out. Both players attack with different bets. Judo matches can last from 3 to 20 minutes. In special conditions the time can be reduced or extended.
In this game, winning or losing is decided by 1 point. The player who scores a point wins. A winning point is awarded when a player succeeds in keeping the front player on the ground with his back for 3 seconds. If the score is a tie, the bout goes to a golden score or over time. During this, the player who scores the first point is declared the winner.
scoring in judo
There are three types of scoring in Judo. It is called ippon, waza-ari and yuko. Ippon occurs when the player throws to the player in front and does not allow him to rise. If it is fired, 1 full point is awarded and the player wins.
An example of a scorecard in Judo.
This is a top in top-3 throwing technique.
If the throw is done with less force, it is called a vaza-ari. Half a point is given in this. The player gets a full point for 2 times and becomes the winner. If the player succeeds in knocking the front player sidewise, then he is awarded the UCO. It is used only when the match is tied.
Penalty for what to do in a Judo match?
Some things are forbidden in Judo. A penalty is also awarded for this. like…
At the start of the game, the athletes begin the match by grasping the dress near each other’s shoulders. Apart from this, touching or holding any other part is considered a mistake. It is also forbidden to hold the head or chest of the player in front.
Doing so gives a warning. A penalty is also awarded for opposing the referee’s decision. Athletes cannot say the wrong words to each other. Adopting a move that can break the bone of the player in front is also considered punishable by the referee.
In this throwing technique, the athlete throws the player in front by trapping his feet.
Osto Gari is one of the top 3 throw techniques.
Japan won the most medals
Japan has won the most medals in this sport in the Olympics. He has a total of 84 medals including 39 gold medals, 19 silver and 26 bronze. After this, France is second with 49 medals and South Korea is at number three with 43 medals. India could not win any medal in this. Although this game is also popular in India.
The Judo Federation in India was established in 1964. Two years later, the first Judo Championship was held. India won 4 bronze medals in judo in the 1986 Asian Games. India participated in this sport for the first time in the Olympics in the year 1992. This year Sushila Devi will have the responsibility of getting the medal for India. He gave India a quota in the 48 kg weight category.
Sushila Devi in White Uniform. She will represent India in the Olympics.