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- Today History: Aaj Ka Itihas 8 April Update | Mangal Pandey Hanging Date, Bhagat Singh Batukeshwar Dutt And Nehru Liaquat Agreement Interesting Facts
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It is dated 8 April 1929. The Viceroy was presenting a ‘Public Safety Bill’ in the Central Assembly of Delhi. After this the bill was to become law. The audience gallery was packed. As soon as the bill was introduced, there was a loud bang in the House. Two people threw a bomb in the middle of the house, chanting Inquilab Zindabad.
These bombs were thrown by Shaheed-e-Azam Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt. While throwing the bomb, care was also taken that it does not harm anyone’s life. As the bomb exploded, there was a loud sound and darkness enveloped the assembly hall. There was chaos in the entire building. Panicked people started running outside.
However, both the bomb throw revolutionaries stood there. Raising the slogan of Inquilab Zindabad, he also threw some pamphlets into the House. They wrote, “Explosions are needed to hear deaf ears.” Both of them handed themselves over to the police. After this feat, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt became the heroes of Indian youth.
What were those bills against which the bombings happened?
The revolutionaries were opposing the ‘Public Safety Bill’ and the ‘Trade Disputes Bill’. The ‘Trade Dispute Bill’ had already been passed in which every kind of strike by the workers was banned. In the ‘Public Safety Bill’, the government was to be empowered to detain suspects without trial. The purpose of both the bills was to suppress the voices raised against the British government.
Batukeshwar Dutt sentenced to life imprisonment and Bhagat Singh hanged
Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt were found guilty in the assembly bombings. In this, both were sentenced to life imprisonment and Batukeshwar Dutt was sent to Kala Pani jail. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were also convicted of killing Sanders. On 7 October 1930, it was decided that Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru should be hanged on 24 March 1931, but fearing public anger, the government executed these heroes on the middle of March 23-24.
Nehru-Liaquat agreement after 6 days of negotiations
Pakistan broke away from India in 1947 and became Pakistan. After this, the displacement of people of both the countries continued. Minorities of both countries had many questions in their mind. An agreement was signed between India and Pakistan on this day in 19950 to secure the rights of minorities and to eliminate the possibility of future war.
It is known as Nehru-Liaquat pact or Delhi Pact. After six days of talks, India’s Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Pakistan’s Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan signed the agreement.
Only then both the countries formed Minority Commissions in their respective countries. It was also opposed at the time of the agreement. In protest, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, the industry minister of the Nehru government, resigned. The leader of the Hindu Mahasabha, Mukherjee, described the pact as a Muslim appeasement.
Mangal Pandey, the hero of the 1857 War of Independence, was hanged on 8 April 1857.
Mangal Pandey hanged
Mangal Pandey was hanged on 8 April 1857. He was a soldier of the Barrackpore Regiment of British India. Mangal Pandey and his comrades had an important role in the revolt of 1857 war. He was convicted of shooting, assaulting and killing English officers.
Telugu actor Allu Arjun was born on this day in 1983. Actor and leader Chiranjeevi and Pawan Kalyan are the uncles of Allu Arjun. Actor Ram Charan Teja is the cousin of Allu Arjun.
Other important events in the country and the world on April 8 are as follows-
2013: Former British Prime Minister Margaret Threcher died. She was the first female Prime Minister of Britain.
2005: He was cremated at the Vatican on 8 April 2005, six days after the death of Pope John Paul II. It was attended by more than 200 leaders and millions of people from all over the world.
1973: Spanish painter Pablo Picasso died in France. He is counted among the most effective painters of the 20th century.
1938: Former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan was born. Annan was the 7th Secretary-General of the United Nations.
1924: Classical music singer Kumar Gandharva was born.
1894: Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, the author, poet and novelist of India’s national song Vande Mataram, passed away.
1859: German philosopher Edmund Husserl was born. He is considered the father of phenology.
1820: One of the world’s most famous sculptures, Venus de Mello, was discovered. It was discovered near the Ezim Sea in Greece.