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Pavement in front of Dadar’s Broadway Cinema in Mumbai. For a young man who had fled from Lucknow, this footpath was his home. Eating, living and practicing music here. The young man had a dream that one day he will also be filming in this cinema. This dream came true in 1952. The film named ‘Baiju Bawra’ was released in this cinema. The film was a super hit. The young man who slept on the pavement of this cinema gave music in Baiju Bawra. We are talking about Naushad, who gave immortal music in Indian cinema.
Born on 25 December 1919 in a Muslim family of Lucknow, music was banned in the house of Naushad. Abba said that if he had to stay in this house, he would have to leave music, but Naushad left the house for music. Ran away to Mumbai, the city of dreams. Stayed with an acquaintance for a few days, but the matter did not settle, Dadar came and made the footpath his home. Here Maestro Jhande Khan caught sight of him. Hired Naushad at a salary of 40 rupees a month.
After this, composer Khemchand Prakash gave him the job of assistant in the film ‘Kanchan’. Now started getting 60 rupees a month. Naushad’s film journey from here caught a light pace. Naushad got an opportunity to work as a composer for the first time in 1940. The film was ‘Prem Nagar’. But the film could not be released due to any reason. The film ‘Ratan’ came out in 1944. This film came out. So much so that the film earned more than the royalty of the music from its budget. This was followed by the film ‘Baiju Bawra’ in 1954. Naushad received the Filmfare Award for Best Music Director for this film.
What to fear when in love…
In 1960, the film ‘Mughal-e-Azam’ was released. The film proved to be a milestone in Indian cinema. The song of this film, ‘Jab Pyar Kiya To Darna Kya…’ is still overshadowed by people’s words. Naushad was behind this song. Naushad’s music was so well liked in this film that even when ‘Mughal-e-Azam’ was released in color again, the responsibility of music was given to Naushad only. Naushad did this work so well that the listener in both the films of Black and White and Color did not feel any difference.
Naushad not only gave great music in films but also gave singers like Mohammed Rafi, Suraiya and Shamshad Begum for the first time. The music of Mother India, the first film to be sent to the Oscars by India, was also given by Naushad. Apart from this, Naushad also gave music in hit films like Baiju Bawra, Kohinoor, Pakija, Ganga-Jamuna, Babul, Mere Mehboob. In 1981 Naushad Ali was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award. The 2005 film ‘Taj Mahal’ was the last film of his career. He died on 5 May 2006.
Karl Marx was born
On this day in 1818 Karl Marx was born into a Jewish family in Trier, Germany. His father Heinrich Marx was a lawyer. He received his law education from the University of Bonn. After that he went to Berlin University. There he studied philosophy and history. It was during his studies at the university that his interest in politics grew.
In 1842 Karl Marx began to do journalism. He worked as an editor in a news paper.
After this, in 1844, Marx, together with his friend Friedrich Engels, printed a book called ‘Holy Family’. Karls Marx wrote “The Communist Manifesto” in the year 1848. His creation became very famous. This work has been considered one of the most influential political compositions in the world.
In 1867 he published the first issue of Das Capital. Marx was working on its second issue, but he died at the same time. After his death, Angles collected and published the remaining numbers. It became so famous that it became one of his best-selling books. Marx is considered the father of modern socialism.
The Russian Revolution took place in 1917 after the death of Karl Marx. Vladimir Lenin, the hero of this revolution, influenced by the ideas of Marxism, overthrew the three-century-old Tsar regime in Russia and established the proletarian government. After this revolution, many countries became communists, influenced by the ideas of Marx.
Marx said that whatever the means of production are like farms, machines, factories, etc., the owners have full rights over them. While all the hard work in the production is done by the laborers, but they do not get any part of the production. The owner always wants to earn maximum profit, which is the major reason for class struggle.
1821: Napoleon Bonaparte dies
Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 15 August 1769 in the city of Ajachio, France. He moved to France at the age of 9 to study. He later joined the French army. Seeing his talent, he was soon made Brigadier General. This young general, with his fighting skills, led the army to victory in many wars.
Upon his return to France, Napoleon established a new Consulate Government and declared himself the ruler. On 25 December 1799, he implemented the new constitution of the country. Napoleon made many changes in the country’s economy, education, administration, and justice system as soon as he became the ruler. He abolished the privileges of the church. The confiscation of priests and church property was also included in its constitution. At that time there was a lot of opposition to the reforms related to religion.
After the defeat in the Battle of Waterloo in the year 1815, the British took Napoleon captive to St. Helena, an island, where he died 6 years later.
May 5 is remembered in history for what other reasons.
2017: ISRO successfully launched South Asia Satellite.
2010: The flight test of the new generation sounding rocket from Sri Harikota Space Center in Andhra Pradesh was successful.
2005: Voted in Britain, Tony Blair became Prime Minister for the third time.
1970: Birth of India’s famous shooter Samaresh Jung.
1961: Commander Allen Sheppard, America’s first astronaut, landed in the Atlantic Ocean from his spacecraft.
1954: Birth of the present Chief Minister of Haryana and Bharatiya Janata Party leader Manohar Lal Khattar.
1953: India’s first Finance Minister R.K. K. Shanmukham Chetty passed away.
1937: Birth of Major Hoshiar Singh, the honored Indian soldier of Paramvir Chakra.
1935: Birth of National Award winner and Hindi-Gujarati litterateur Abid Surti.
1929: Birth of Abdul Hameed Kaiser, one of the famous revolutionaries of India.
1916: Birth of former President of India, Giani Zail Singh.
1903: The birth of Avinashalingam Chettiar, an Indian lawyer, Gandhian leader, politician and one of the freedom fighters.