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- Scientists Are Testing A Vaccine Against The PLAGUE Based On The AstraZeneca Coronavirus Vaccine
Scientists from the Oxford Vaccine Group have created a vaccine for the thousands of years old disease plague. The trial of the first phase of this vaccine, prepared on the model of corona vaccine, will start soon. It will cover 40 people in the age group of 18 to 55 years. During the trial, the side effects of the vaccine and how effective the antibodies made to fight the disease will be understood.
Plague vaccine is necessary because even today its cases are being reported. Most cases of plague are seen in rural areas of Africa, Asia and America.
Sir Andrew Pollard, director of the Oxford Vaccine Group, says the pandemic has made people understand the importance of vaccines and how important it is to avoid the dangers of bacteria and viruses. Humans have been battling plague for thousands of years and the fear of it continues to this day. Therefore, vaccine is very important to protect against it.
5 points: what causes plague and how it spreads
- According to the Oxford Vaccine Group, the plague is caused by an infection with the Yersinia pestis bacteria. Rat is the carrier of this disease. The infection is spread through the bite of a rat infected with the bacteria.
- Plague infection causes high fever, swollen lymph nodes, and shortness of breath. In some cases, there is also a complaint of blood coming from the mouth during cough. Without treatment, death occurs.
- In addition to being bitten by an infected rat, being around or picking up on an infected animal can spread the infection. If it comes in contact with the saliva of an infected person, its infection can also spread to another healthy person.
- It can be treated with the help of antibiotics, but cases increase due to lack of adequate treatment facilities in rural areas.
- Between 2010 and 2015, 3,248 cases of plague were reported worldwide, including villages in Africa, Asia and the Americas. At the same time, there were 548 deaths due to the plague.
There are three types of plague
- Bubonic Plague: This is the initial stage of the disease. Symptoms include fever, headache, shivering, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes after infection. If left untreated, the bacteria gradually increase their numbers and start spreading to different parts of the body.
- Septicemic Plague: In this, the effect of infection is also visible on the skin. Apart from the common symptoms of plague, the patient’s skin turns black. Especially blackness is seen on the hands, feet, fingers and nose. If left untreated, bubonic plague turns into septicemic plague.
- Pneumonic Plague: This is the most serious plague. When bubonic and septicemic plague is left untreated, pneumonic plague develops when bacteria infect the lungs. This form of plague spreads quickly from one person to another.
Vaccines can prevent disease in rural areas
Vaccine expert Christine Rollier says, in rural areas, plague can be treated with the help of antibiotics. In such areas, the vaccine can prove to be a big weapon to prevent the disease. Plague vaccine can be administered with the help of a needle.
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