- Modi government launched National Digital Health Mission
- This mission will be part of Ayushman Bharat Jan Arogya Yojana
Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the National Digital Health Mission on the 74th Independence Day. He informed that a unique health ID will be made for every Indian citizen. NITI Aayog made a proposal in this regard in 2018 and based on that, every user in the National Health Stack will be given a unique ID.
What is National Digital Health Mission?
- You must have seen the practice. Nowadays many doctors use it. Doctors detail on this app. His prescription and diagnostic reports are also there.
- The government is also trying to make an app like Practo. It will belong to the government and based on government guidelines, private companies can also make it.
- The National Health Stack was proposed by NITI Aayog in 2018. The Health Ministry Committee has prepared a National Digital Health Blueprint to frame it.
- Under the Digital Health Mission, all the citizens of the country will have their health data digitized by linking to their health IDs. This will create a national health database.
- The vision of the mission is to create a national digital health ecosystem. Provides timely and efficient access to affordable, inclusive and safe healthcare for all.
- It is a holistic, voluntary healthcare program that will narrow the gap between doctors, hospitals and other healthcare providers, pharmacy, insurance companies and citizens.
How will every citizen's unique health ID be made?
- Just as every Indian citizen has been recognized under the Aadhaar scheme, similarly, every citizen will be given a unique health ID. This will be a repository of health information.
- It will not be compulsory but voluntary. If someone wants to make his health record digitally available, he can create health ID and allow it.
- Health ID will have basic information and mobile number or Aadhaar of each one. Its infrastructure will be created by the National Health Authority, an agency of the Ministry of Health.
- Health ID will be a digitized health account of any patient. Medical history, old documents of doctors, new tests, diagnostic test reports made, etc. will be on it.
- Health ID will be available as a mobile application. Its features are such that more and more people will be attracted to register in it.
Who will have authority over the health data of every citizen?
- The government has also assured that the data will be protected. Without the consent of a person, he cannot be shared with anyone else.
- If the patient / hospital / medical professionals upload any data and enable sharing, then it will be the right of the National Health Authority (NHA).
- Under the mission, doctors and hospitals will have to upload digital copies. Even if they gave a hard copy of it to the patient. In this way, health records will be made online.
- According to the mission document, NDHM will have a digital content framework to take care of privacy and privacy, which will be built on the DigiLocker content management framework.
Where and how will the National Digital Health Mission be implemented?
- Health Minister Harsh Vardhan said that the scheme has been launched on 15 August as a pilot scheme in the Union Territories of Chandigarh, Ladakh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Puducherry, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep.
- After implementing this pilot scheme in these UTs, its benefits will be studied. States will be partnered on this basis. Under this, the National Digital Health Mission will be started.
What will be the benefit from National Digital Health Database?
- The mission approach is Citizen-Centric. There are six foundations – HealthID, DigiDoctor, Health Facility Registry, Personal Health Record, e-Pharmacy and Telemedicine.
- The goal is to provide the best possible healthcare to every Indian citizen. The National Health Authority will design and implement its ecosystem.
- One will get rid of challenges like finding the right doctors, taking appointments, paying consultation fees, traveling to hospitals for prescription sheets.
- All these digital products have been made available except e-pharmacy and telemedicine. These are being operated.
- Health service delivery efficiency, effectiveness and transparency will improve. This is a major progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goal of Universal Health Coverage.
How will transparency come from the digital health mission?
- The Digital Health Mission will prove to be helpful on many levels. Documentation will be less. Vaccines applied after the child is born will be recorded on it. Also, if he has got any treatment, then the complete record will be on it.
- After the implementation of this scheme, hospitals and doctors will not be able to make much money in the name of treatment. If a doctor prescribes unnecessary antibiotics to patients, then their accountability will be fixed. The entire record of medicine and disease will be associated with that number.
- It is expected that by early 2021, India will start recognizing digital healthcare providers. The system, which is usually built in three years, is being tried in India in four months.