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- Meet Europes Oldest Plague Victim Earliest Strain Of The Bacteria Behind Black Death Is Discovered In A 5000 year Old Skeleton In Latvia
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Bacteria found in the skull of a hunter buried 5000 years ago in the Rinnukalns area of Latvia.
German scientists have discovered a 5000-year-old bacterium that caused an epidemic named ‘Black Death’ in the 14th century. The name of the bacteria is Yersinia pestis, it was discovered from the skull of an ancient hunter. This has also been proved during research.
Until now, it was believed that the bacteria of ‘Black Death’ plague are a thousand years old, but new research says that its lineage is 7 thousand years old. This claim has been made by the University of Kiel in Germany in its recent research.
The hunter was 20 to 30 years old at the time of death
Kiel University researcher Krauss Kiora says, “The hunter whose skull we got this bacteria from was about 20 to 30 years old at the time of death. The skull is named RV2039. This hunter was buried about 5000 years ago in the Rinnukalns area of Latvia. Scientists found the bones of this predator in the 19th century. In 2011, when more such skulls were found, the search was started again.
How the bacteria infected, the mystery is not solved
German scientists say, so far four such skulls and skeletons have been found. On examination, a large number of bacteria and viruses were found in them. This is where Yersinia pestis bacteria were also found. However, scientists have not been able to figure out how this bacterium has infected humans.
Examination of the teeth revealed that the hunter died of blood infection.
There was a large number of bacteria in the blood at the time of death
The root of the teeth present in the skull was examined. One thing came to the fore in this investigation that at the time of death, this bacteria was in large quantity in his blood. This suggests that the hunter died due to a blood infection. Scientists say, it is currently being investigated how much danger this bacteria can present to humans.
Wreak havoc in Eurasia and North Africa
According to scientists, in the 14th century, Yersinia pestis wreaked havoc in Eurasia and North Africa. Bacterial investigations have also proved that the ancestor of Yersinia pestis was not as contagious and deadly as it was. In the Neolithic period, such bacteria from Western Europe caused a drastic reduction in the human population.