Maratha Reservation Latest News Update | Maratha Forward Caste Reservation, Maratha Reservation, Supreme Court Verdict, Supreme Court Of India | Decision on admission in medical colleges and reservation in jobs today; A petition was filed in the Supreme Court against the High Court’s decision

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New Delhi / MumbaiA minute ago

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The Supreme Court will give its verdict today in the case of Maratha reservation in medical colleges admissions and jobs. A constitutional bench headed by Justice Ashok Bhushan will deliver its verdict on the petition filed against the reservation. The Supreme Court had on March 26 reserved its decision in the case.

The court had also considered this aspect during the hearing that whether the decision upholding the reservation limit up to 50% also needs to be reconsidered? The issue was also heard on whether states can give reservation on their behalf by declaring any class as backward or the center has this right after the 102nd amendment of the constitution?

What is the whole matter
In 2018, the Maharashtra government gave Maratha class 16% reservation in government jobs and higher education. Behind this, the report of Maharashtra Backward Classes Commission headed by Justice NG Gaikwad was made the basis. The Maratha reservation, which was set aside from the 27% reservation given to the OBC castes, violated the Supreme Court’s decision to keep the reservation limit to a maximum of 50%.

High Court maintains Maratha reservation
The Bombay High Court challenged this reservation on 2 main grounds. First- there is no proper basis behind it. It is given only for political gain. Secondly, it violates the Supreme Court of India v. Government of India decision of 1992 given to keep the total reservation up to 50%.

In June 2019, the High Court ruled in favor of this reservation. The court held that in exceptional circumstances a class can be given reservation. However, reservation was reduced to 13% in jobs and 12% in higher education.

These things were considered during the hearing
Anti-reservation reached the Supreme Court against the High Court verdict. During the hearing, the court granted an interim stay on the Maratha reservation. The decision of the constitution bench will decide whether this ban will be lifted or not. During the hearing, a bench of 5 judges took note of these things-

  • Was there really such an extraordinary situation in Maharashtra that the Maratha class should be given separate reservation beyond the prescribed limit of reservation?
  • Do the 102nd Amendment of the Constitution and Article 324A violate the authority of the State Legislative Assembly? Is this amendment and paragraph valid?
  • Does the Indira Sawhney judgment of 1992 need a rethink? Should the decision of the Bench of 9 judges holding 50% of the total reservation be sent to a larger bench for reconsideration?

Currently around 75% reservation in Maharashtra
Considering the reservation given to different communities and economically weaker people, Maharashtra has about 75% reservation. After the State Reservation Act of 2001, the total reservation in Maharashtra was 52%. With 12–13% Maratha quota, the total reservation in the state was reduced to 64–65%. The 10% quota for the Economically Weaker Section (EWS) announced by the Center in 2019 is also effective in the state.

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