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- Five And A Half Thousand Wild Animals Passed Through The Country's First 16 Km Long Animal Underpass In 10 Months, 89 Tigers Passed By, 78 Cameras Monitored
new Delhi3 minutes ago
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Thousands of incidents of wildlife and vehicles colliding with the world's longest animal crossing structure built in the Peach Tiger Reserve were also postponed.
- Wildlife Institute released report on 9 animal underpasses constructed at a cost of 225 crores
- Animal underpass built in perch tiger reserve in NH-44
(Anirudh Sharma) For the first time in the country, 9 animal underpasses constructed in the 16 km area of National Highway – 44 were recorded 89 times in 10 months. 5,450 wild animals of 18 varieties passed through this underpass. Thousands of incidents of wildlife and vehicles colliding with the world's longest animal crossing structure built in the Peach Tiger Reserve were also postponed.
This report has been revealed by the Wildlife Institute of India in a report on animal underpass use by wild animals. Dr. Bilal Habib, who prepared the report, said that when it was talked about upgrading the NH-44 connecting Srinagar to Kanyakumari from two lanes to four lanes, the project got approval only on the condition that animals in dense forest areas Animal crossing structures should be constructed to pass through.
4 small bridges and 5 animal underpasses were constructed to pass animals at an additional cost of Rs 255 crore on NH-44 in Maharashtra. It is the longest structure in the world dedicated to animals only. To monitor the movement of animals in these structures, 78 cameras were also installed to find out how much animals were used by them.
How to design future crossing structures or what improvements are required to the existing structure so that their use can be increased. During March to December, 2019, 1,26,532 images were taken from cameras in all 9 structures. Of all the structures, Chital was the most used by 3,165 times and wild boar 677 times.
Small animals like rabbit and cat were also seen passing by here. Most animals used these structures at night. There were 89 tiger passing cases, identified as 11 tigers. Only one of these tigers appeared to pass only once, while the remaining 10 tigers used these bridges again and again.
It was also seen that in the bridges under which human movement was more, the passing of wild animals was least. The report found that the bear does not enter the small underpass while the tiger passes by. The female tiger is with the cubs, so she also does not enter the small underpass. Chital did not pass through the underpasses and bridges used by the tiger.
Animal crossing structures postpone thousands of incidents of wildlife and vehicle collisions
Dr. Habib said that if this structure were not there, the animals would have passed through the movement of vehicles on the road and there would have been a possibility of accidents every time. But due to the construction of these structures, thousands of accidents were averted. Wild buffalo, for example, passed about 50 times during this period, which weighs 400 to 500 kg.
Suppose a small car collides with it, then the turn of the car is certain. This would have injured the animal, as well as great harm to human life and car. In the next 5-6 years about 50 thousand km of new roads and old roads are to be upgraded in the country. Out of this, about 20 thousand km passes through the tiger reserve of the country. In that sense, this report is very important in view of future road planning and wildlife conservation.