Amidst the flurry of legislation for population control, there has been a sharp decline in India’s fertility rate. Although the fertility rate in UP, Bihar is still higher than the national average. national family health survey According to the report of 2019-21 (NFHS 2019-21 ), there has been a sharp decline in the fertility rate and it has come to a position that as many people are being born in the next generation as compared to the number of people who are dying. Is. According to the NFHS survey, the fertility rate in urban areas is 1.6 and in rural areas it is 2.1. That is, if we talk about every woman in urban families, the average birth of children is less than two. Whereas in rural areas also it has come close to two. That is, the goal of population control, we two, our two, seems to be realizing.
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Although still the fertility rate is above two in five states including UP, Bihar. It is in Bihar (3), Meghalaya (2.9), UP (2.4), Jharkhand (2.3) and Manipur (2.2). The fertility rate in Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan is at par with the national average i.e. at 2. In West Bengal and Maharashtra it is 1.6. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Tripura have fertility rates of 1.7, which means that the average birth of children per female is less than two. It is 1.8 in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Odisha. It is 1.9 in Haryana, Assam, Gujarat, Uttarakhand and Mizoram.
The latest data of the National Family Health Survey has been released by the Ministry of Health. It shows that the total fertility rate (average children per woman) in the country has come down to 2.0. Which was 2.2 in the year 2015-16. This survey has come at a time when the exercise of making laws in many states is going on for population control in the country. Or else preparations are on to limit the scope of government welfare schemes for families with more than two children.
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States like Assam, Uttar Pradesh have also given similar indications. It has been argued for a long time that due to the increasing population of the country, the entire population is not getting enough benefits of education, health or other sectors. At the same time, there is a heavy burden on the country’s resources. At present, more than 60 percent of the country’s population is below 30 years of age. Population explosion is considered responsible for many challenges like rising unemployment in the country.
Social and economic affairs expert Arvind Mishra says that India can take advantage of the young working population for the next 2-3 decades and the signs of population stabilization show that it will not be too much of a burden on us as an elderly population going forward. Will have. As seen in countries like China.