According to Dr. Mahesh Chavan, Consultant, Endocrinology, Apollo Hospitals, Navi Mumbai, a person who is newly acquainted with diabetes should start treating the condition by changing diet and exercising regularly.
"Diabetes treatment does not begin immediately, unless one's blood sugar exceeds 400 mg / dL".
Diet and exercise tips to manage diabetes. Diet And Exercise Tips To Manage Diabetes
There is a need to reduce the intake of carbs, and this is especially important for Indians, whose diet is usually high in carbs. They need to increase their intake of fiber, protein and healthy fats.
"Eat less, but don't go hungry," Dr. Chavan advises to stop eating sugar, as it is nothing but empty calories. Eat more leafy green vegetables, cabbage, pulses, lentils and beans. "There is no rapid rise in blood sugar levels in these foods.
According to Dr. Chavan, 90% of people with diabetes (type 2) have insulin resistance. This is a condition in which your muscles, fat and liver fail to react well to insulin. They are unable to use glucose from the blood for energy. As a result, the pancreas eventually produces more insulin, which leads to an increase in blood sugar levels.
Losing weight is important to fight insulin resistance. If you gain weight, the body fat percentage increases. "It causes insulin resistance, a condition that does not allow insulin to function properly. It results in high blood sugar, causing the person to feel hungry, which leads to weight gain," explains Dr. Chavan. Why weight loss is important for management. Portion control, eating a balanced diet, sleeping well, taking less stress, exercising regularly and staying physically active can help you achieve this goal.
Losing 5-10% weight after diagnosis can help get rid of 50% of pills for diabetes management, ”says endocrinologist.
Type 1 diabetes, on the other hand, is an autoimmune condition in which blood cells destroy insulin. Type 1 diabetes patients require insulin to survive.
Blood sugar level monitoring | Blood sugar monitoring
Regular monitoring of blood sugar is an important part of diabetes management. Type 2 diabetes patients should check their blood sugar at least twice a day.
"If you check your blood sugar every day, it can help you learn about the constant fluctuations in blood sugar. Pay attention to the foods that cause your blood sugar fluctuations and Adjust your diet. "
According to Dr. Chavan, reading of glucometer is going to be slightly different from blood sugar test which is diagnosed in laboratory. This is because the glucometer is adjusted for arterial blood, and that measured in the lab is venous blood. "Glucometer readings are expected to be 15–20% higher than venous blood sugar levels. Thus it is noted that glucometers are only for surveillance purposes and it is necessary for diabetics to visit a doctor once a month. "
(Dr. Mahesh Chavan, Consultant, Endocrinology, Apollo Hospital, Navi Mumbai)
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