Black carbon content in the Himalayas increases, causing disaster again; Snow line is decreasing, will have a direct impact on animals and flora | Black carbon content in the Himalayas increases, causing disaster again Snow line is decreasing, will have a direct impact on fauna and flora

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  • Black Carbon Content in the Himalayas Increases, Causing Disaster Again; Snow Line Is Decreasing, Will Have A Direct Impact On Animals And Flora

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Dehradun2 minutes agoAuthor: Manmeet

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Changes in the southern glacier of the sage Ganga

  • Wadia Geosciences Institute’s research on fire in the forests of Uttarakhand

The fierce fire in the forests of Uttarakhand has reached close to Uttarkashi, Satpuli, Srinagar, Mussoorie and Nainital. This creates an atmosphere of chaos in cities. The movement has been stopped in Pauri due to the raging fire on both sides of the National Highway (NH). Here, scientists are afraid that this fire may worsen the already unhealthy health of the Himalayas. According to him, the glaciers are in the grip of black carbon due to below average snowfall and now due to air pollution due to fire. The pace of their melting has already intensified. This can bring disaster again.

According to the report of the Wadia Institute of Geosciences, ‘The Himalayan glaciers contain black carbon. Its volume has risen two and a half times that of normal to 1899 nanograms. ‘ Actually, black carbon leads to an increase in temperature. It is highly effective in absorbing light. This causes ice to melt in glacier regions such as the Arctic and the Himalayas. The Uttarakhand Space Utilization Center (Eusek) has concluded that the snow-capped area has decreased by 26 square kilometers in 37 years. The first permanent snow line in this area was 5,200 meters. It is now moving up to 5,700 meters. This is the reason why a total of 243 sq km of the Rishiganga catchment of the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve was covered with snow, but in 2020 it remained at 217 sq km.

Changes in the southern glacier of the sage Ganga
Director of USEC and Senior Geological Scientist Prof. Dr. MPS Bisht said that a change has been observed in the glacier of the southern slope of the Rishi Ganga catchment area. Glaciers are rapidly melting. If the glaciers of the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve continue to melt in a similar manner, the fauna and flora of the region will also be adversely affected in the future.

Fire started in residential areas

The fire in the forests has now started reaching the residential areas. The old building, furniture, records of the primary school at Dhumakot in Pauri district were gutted by fire. Fire has also caused major damage in Tehri district. This has destroyed 128 hectares of forest land. Two helicopters of the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and the Air Force arrived on Monday to control the fire. They are trying to overcome the fire by taking water from Lake Tehri. A total of 1,300 hectares of forest land in the state is under fire.

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