In this endeavor, for the first time, RJD has given tickets to Extremely Backward Castes (EBC) and upper caste candidates in a dozen seats out of a total of 144 seats. In the last elections, RJD gave tickets to EBC only to four and upper caste candidates. RJD has also given tickets to 30 women. Apart from this, RJD has given 58 and 17 tickets to two sections of its traditional vote bank, Yadavs and Muslims respectively.
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On the other hand, EBC and Mahadalit have been traditional vote banks for Nitish Kumar’s party JDU since 2005 and 2010 elections. The party has given tickets to 19 EBC, 15 Kushwaha and 12 Kurmi candidates this time. Nitish Kumar has also given election tickets to 17 scheduled caste people. JDU has tried to infiltrate my equation by giving tickets to 11 Muslims and 18 Yadavs.
The state has a vote bank of 26 percent OBC and 26 percent EBC. A large part of the OBC is of the Yadavs, which is close to 14 per cent. The Yadavs are considered the traditional vote bank of the RJD. Apart from this, OBC has 8 percent Kushwaha and 4 percent Kurmi vote bank. Nitish Kumar has influence on both of them. By the way, Upendra Kushwaha also claims an impact on the eight percent Kushwaha society. Apart from these, 16 percent of the vote bank belongs to Muslims. In the current political equation, the RJD’s influence is visible on this vote bank, but JDU is also trying to do it in its court. In the past, a large part of my equation has supported Nitish.
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The share of extremely backward caste voters in Bihar is close to 26 percent. The castes include blacksmiths, kahars, goldsmiths, potters, tatwa, carpenter, boatman, malah, dhanuk, gardener, noni etc. In the last elections, they have been voting for different parties but since 2005, a large part of them have been with Nitish. Now stunning is trying to break it. In the 2014 and 2019 elections, this group was inclined towards BJP.
Dalit vote percentage in the state is around 16 percent. Nearly five per cent of them are Paswan, the rest are Mahadalit castes (Pasi, Ravidas, Dhobi, Chamar, Rajvanshi, Musahar, Dome etc.), who have about 11 per cent of the vote bank. Barring Paswan, most of the Mahadalit castes have also been inclined towards JDU since 2010. Tejashwi is also trying to break it. Paswan’s inclination towards LJP has been there from the beginning.
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The 15 per cent vote bank in the state is of the upper castes (Bhumihars, Rajputs, Brahmins and Kayasthas). The focus of the BJP and the Congress has been on the upper castes, but for the first time the RJD has tried to break into it too and has given a dozen tickets to upper caste candidates. JDU has also given tickets to 10 Bhumihars, 7 Rajputs and two Brahmins. On the other hand, BJP is also trying to woo EBC and Yadavs by giving them more tickets. That is, all parties are making a dent in each other’s traditional vote bank. In such a situation, the party which will be able to mobilize voters will win the same.
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